Copyhright Notice

The author who wishes to publish articles in this journal agree with the following conditions :

  1. The author retains the copyright and simultaneously provides the journal the first publishing rights of the manuscript under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an initial job writing and publishing statement in this journal. 
  2. The author can include in separate additional contractual arrangements for the rich version of non-exclusive distribution of journal publications (eg posting it to the institutional repository or publishing it in a book), with recognition of publishing initially in this journal.
  3. The author is permitted and encouraged to post their work online (for example: in the institutional repository or on their website) before and during the submission process because it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and more powerful citations of published works. (See open access policy).
  4. Department of Government Science, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Halu Oleo holds the right to reproduce and distribute the article and author is not allowed to publish the same article published in this journal.
  5. Statement of Authenticity and Manuscript Copyright can be downloaded: here
  6. After filling in the statement letter, please send via e-mail: